A decision making perspective. In Proceedings of UAI' Data-driven approaches to information access.
Abstract Music is a cross-cultural universal, a ubiquitous activity found in every known human culture. Individuals demonstrate manifestly different preferences in music, and yet relatively little is known about the underlying structure of those preferences. We have interpreted and labeled these factors as: The findings from a fourth study suggest that preferences for the MUSIC factors are affected by both the social and auditory characteristics of the music.
It is piped into retail shops, airports, and train stations. It accompanies movies, television programs, and ball games. Manufacturers use it to sell their products, while yoga, massage, and exercise studios use it to relax or invigorate their clients.
In addition to all of these uses of music as a background, a form of sonic wallpaper imposed on us by others, many of us seek out music for our own listening — indeed, Americans spend more on music than they do on prescription drugs Huron, Taken together, background and intentional music listening add up to more than 5 hours a day of exposure to music for the average American Levitin, ; McCormick, When it comes to self-selected music, individuals demonstrate manifestly different tastes.
Remarkably, however, little is known about the underlying principles on which such individual musical preferences are based. A challenge to such an investigation is that music is used for many different purposes.
Historically, music has also been used for social bonding, comfort, motivating or coordinating physical labor, the preservation and transmission of oral knowledge, ritual and religion, and the expression of physical or cognitive fitness for a review, see Levitin, Results from these investigations suggest that there exists a structure underlying music preferences, with fairly similar music-preference factors emerging across studies.
The degree of convergence across those studies is encouraging because it suggests that the psychological basis for music preferences is firm. However, despite the consistency, it is not entirely what it is about music that attracts people. Or, are music preferences shaped by social factors?
The aim of the present research is to inform our understanding of the nature of music preferences. Specifically, we argue that research on individual differences in music preferences has been limited by conceptual and methodological constraints that have hindered our understanding of the psychological and social factors underlying preferences in music.
This work aims to correct these shortcomings with the goal of advancing theory and research on this important topic. Individual Differences in Music Preferences Cattell and Anderson conducted one of the first investigations of individual differences in music preferences.
Their aim was to develop a method for assessing dimensions of unconscious personality traits. These investigators attempted to interpret 12 factors, which they explained in terms of unconscious personality traits.
For example, musical excerpts with fast tempos defined one factor, labeled surgency, and excerpts characterized by melancholy and slow tempos defined another factor, labeled sensitivity.
It was not until some 50 years later that research on individual differences in music preferences resurfaced.
More specifically, current research on music preferences draws from interactionist theories e. As a starting point for testing that hypothesis, researchers have begun to map the landscape of music-genre preferences with the aim of identifying its structure.
For example, Rentfrow and Gosling examined individual differences in preferences for 14 broad music genres in three US samples. In a study of music preferences among Dutch adolescents, Delsing and colleagues Delsing, et al.
And Colley investigated self-reported preferences for 11 music genres in a small sample of British university students. Her results revealed four factors for women and five for men. Specifically, three factors, sophisticated comprising classical, blues, jazz, operaheavy rock, heavy metaland rebellious rap, reggaeemerged for both men and women, but the mainstream country, folk, chart pop factor that emerged for women split into traditional country, folk and pop chart pop for men.They check people preferences according to their age, income, education, savings and gender.
This study find that the people were not properly aware to the investment options, they have lack of knowledge about risky and.
Preferences for people you’re romantically or sexually interested in can be wide-ranging. Sense of humor, height, freckles, muscles, taste in movies — all of these are valid preferences. Executive Summary. Much is made of the differences between generations of workers and consumers.
The popular media, authors, consultants, reporters, professional speakers and others drive the conversation, sometimes in a genuine effort to help, in other cases, perhaps to fan the flames of a debate that may deserve less attention.
What’s interesting is the preference of green in the younger age groups and the preference of purple in the older age groups.
One could say, by looking at this graph alone, that as people become older their preference for purple increases, while their preference for green decreases. A Deep Dive Into Party Affiliation.
Sharp Differences by Race, Gender, Generation, Education. Survey Report. Democrats hold advantages in party identification among blacks, Asians, Hispanics, well-educated adults and Millennials.
This population-based study of UK Biobank data assesses the association between coffee intake and mortality according to genetic caffeine metabolism scores.