It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose.
Format for Writing the Paper Perhaps you like the paper-writing phase of research; maybe you dread it. The difference usually hinges on whether you regard yourself as a "good writer"--as determined by grades earned on countless other writing assignments.
My experience with student research papers suggests that reporting the results of quantitative research is very different from other types of writing.
Students who do well in creative writing may find this form of exposition more challenging; others rarely applauded for clever turns of phrase may receive compliments on their clarity of expression.
Writing a research report can be a challenge for students who excel at writing essays and an opportunity to shine for those who do not ordinarily "write well. The watchword for this type of writing is structure. The format of your paper should reveal the structure of your thinking. Devices such as paragraphing, headings, indentation, and enumeration actually help your reader see the major points you want to make.
If you tend to string sentences together without organizing your thoughts into paragraphs, you are not helping him or her make sense of your writing. As a rule of thumb, if you type a full page double spaced without indenting for a new paragraph, you almos tcertainly have run one thought into another and have missed an opportunity to differentiate your ideas.
Headings can convey the major topics discussed in your paper. A research report see the Lacy article on analysis of variance typically contains four basic components: Statement of the problem that gave rise to the research 2.
Discussion of how the research was designed to clarify the problem 3. Analysis of the data produced by the research 4.
Summary and conclusion of the study Although you could include those sections in your report without separate headings, the underlying logic of your paper will be readily apparent with headings that identify its basic components: The Statistics research paper is intended to demonstrate your competence in applying statistics to political and social analysis.
The paper should be no more than 5 typewritten pages double-spaced, not counting tables or graphs. It should be similar to articles in the "Research Notes" section of the Journal of Politics, source of the Lacy reading on Analysis of Variance.
Virtually all these articles are structured some explicitly, other implicitly according to the outline below. To help us evaluate your papers for the 25 points that they can earn, please follow the outline explicitly in writing your papers.
They will be scored as indicated under the four section headings: The Problem worth 3 points Begin by stating briefly the intellectual concern with the topic, indicating why it is worthy of study. For example, does the topic reflect an established interest e. To emphasize the ongoing nature of research, each paper should cite at least one previous study or publication relevant to your research.
The subject index to Sociological Abstracts, which contains articles in political science, is a good source for publications. United States Political Science Documents is another good source, and it also contains abstracts of the articles cited.
Both sources are in the Reference Room. You can either cite your references in footnotes giving author, title, and publication particularsor you can cite the author and date in parentheses within the text.
For example, Tufte, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:Writing a Research Paper.
This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide.
A conclusion is the last paragraph in your research paper, or the last part in any other type of presentation.
Why do it? A conclusion is like the final chord in a song. Sep 03, · How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Conclusions Writing a Basic Conclusion Making Your Conclusion as Effective as Possible Avoiding Common Pitfalls Community Q&A.
The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry%(92).
Evidence-based analysis and rigorous evaluation are critical tools to promote effective policies and strong management in the Federal nutrition assistance programs. The Office of Policy Support (OPS) leads the development and execution of FNS's study and evaluation agenda.
This web page is intended to provide access to OPS's work to . If it’s a longer paper, a good place to start is by looking at what each paragraph was about. For example, if you write a paper about zoo animals, each paragraph would probably be about one particular animal.
In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each animal again. JEL Classification Codes Guide. The guide provides JEL Code application guidelines, keywords, and examples of items within each classification.