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American novelist, short story writer, dramatist, screenwriter, and essayist. Vonnegut gained a worldwide following in the late s with the publication of his best-known work, Slaughter-house-Five Considered a major voice in contemporary American literature, Vonnegut populates his novels with characters searching for meaning and order in an inherently meaningless and disorderly universe.
Known for his iconoclastic humor, Vonnegut consistently satirizes contemporary society, focusing in particular on the futility of warfare and the human capacity for both irrationality and evil. He was the third child of Kurt, an architect, and his wife Edith maiden name Lieber.
Both the Vonneguts and the Liebers were formerly prosperous families who had lost their fortunes after World War I.
Vonnegut entered the University of Chicago in to study biochemistry. He began writing for the student newspaper in his sophomore year, penning anti-war articles. He was captured in the Battle of the Bulge, held as part of a captive labor force in Dresden, and experienced the Allied fire-bombing of the city on February 13, Upon his return home inhe married Jane Marie Cox and enrolled at the University of Chicago, from which he graduated in In the same year, Vonnegut began working for General Electric Research Laboratory as a public relations writer.
He wrote fiction in his spare time, publishing his first story inand was soon able to quit his job and write full-time.
He began to attract popular attention in the s when his anti-war message made him a favored figure among the counter-culture; his popularity continued to increase after Slaughterhouse-Five was adapted as a film. He has seven children: Vonnegut lives in New York City.
The novel is futuristic and explores the relationship between changing technology and the lives of ordinary humans. His second work garnered greater critical reception. The Sirens of Titan is a science fiction parody in which all of human history is revealed to have been manipulated by aliens to provide a space traveler with a replacement part for his ship.
Rosewater concerns the idealistic attempts of an alcoholic philanthropist, Eliot Rosewater, to befriend the poor and helpless. In Mother Night, a spy novel, an American agent who posed as a Nazi propagandist during World War II undergoes a personality crisis when tried for crimes he committed to insure his covert identity.
The absurdity of this event is filtered through the numbed consciousness of Billy Pilgrim, a young soldier who escapes the insanity of war through schizophrenic travels into time and space; these journeys assume realistic stature when compared to his irrational wartime experiences.
Considered a classic of postmodern literature, Slaughterhouse-Five is written in a fragmented, non-chronological style to emphasize the confusion and absurdity of wartime life.
In he wrote his best-known play, Happy Birthday, Wanda Jane, and throughout the s and s wrote several screenplays for television.
In both of these novels Vonnegut presents his ideas in new and unusual literary forms. Hocus Pocus purports to be the autobiographical manuscript of Eugene Debs Hartke, a teacher and the last American out of Vietnam, who was fired for being too pessimistic and later charged with engineering the escape of African-American inmates from a prison.
Hartke writes observations about his life on pieces of paper and Vonnegut masquerades as the editor. In Timequake Vonnegut merges parts of a problematic and incomplete novel with commentary about his life and views.
The result is part memoir and part political novel.
The mix is thick and rich: Vonnegut has stated that he is retiring, and that Timequake will mark the end of his fiction-writing career. Citing his futuristic settings and the paramount role of technology in his work, some critics insist that Vonnegut is a science fiction writer.
Others argue that despite these elements, Vonnegut is ultimately writing about the universal human condition and that he only employs science fiction devices to create distance and irony, just as he employs satire to the same effect.
In recent years Vonnegut has come under fire from commentators who claim that he has failed to develop stylistically and that his characters are little more than mouthpieces for his opinions.Critical essays, kurt vonnegut's writing assignments with a words-or-fewer essay examples on qualifying offers.
Thesis, must have a country, quiz questions, journalist jeffrey r. Ice-Nine is a career spanning over 50 great articles and short-story collections, literature essays, essays on . Vonnegut in Fact the Public Spokesmanship of Personal Fiction.
Jerome Klinkowitz - Chaos Theory and the Interpretation of Literary Texts the Case of Kurt Vonnegut. Critical Essays Slaughterhouse-Five on Film These include the lack of the narrator/Kurt Vonnegut figure as a framing device; Hill's creating visual scenes and settings by using music and the color white; and the visually successful segueing devices (not possible in a book) that facilitate the juxtaposition of scenes.
Essays and criticism on Kurt Vonnegut - Critical Essays. Kurt Vonnegut's darkly comic work became a symbol for the counterculture of a generation. From his debut novel, Player Piano () through seminal 's novels such as Cat's Cradle () and Slaughterhouse-Five () up to the recent success of A Man Without A Country (), Vonnegut's writing has remained commercially popular, offering a satirical yet optimistic outlook on modern life.
Slaughterhouse Five Critical Essay. Views ; Comments 0; Samples Essays; Author Sandra W. Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut-The Story 2. The book Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut is a book on the experiences of World War 2. Billy Pilgrim, the main character of this book happened to be among the military soldiers .