The audience should be able to understand the English language. Furthermore, the description that I will write must state several main points to the audience.
The action may be either one of two types. One type is that in which attention is focused on the performance of a human being, or possibly a group of human beings. A simple example is filing a workpiece by hand; in a description of this process, emphasis would fall naturally upon the human skills required.
The other type involves action in which a human operator either is not directly concerned at all, or inconspicuous.
An instance is the functioning of a contactor. In describing almost any process, regardless of types there are problems that usually arises and these are: As in the description of a mechanism, if the reader wishes to use the description as a practical guide, it becomes necessary for the writer to give careful attention to every detail.
If the reader is interested only in acquiring a general knowledge of the principles involved and has no intention of trying to perform the process or to direct its performance, the writer should avoid many of the details and emphasize the broad outlines of the process.
The fundamental organization of a process description is simple, consisting merely of an introduction followed by a description of each step in the process in the order in which they occur.
But this simplicity is usually marred by the necessity of discussing the equipment and the materials used. There are basically two ways of incorporating the discussion of equipment and materials into the description as a whole. One is to lump it all together in a section near the beginning; the other is to introduce each piece of equipment and each bit of material as it happens to come up in the explanation of the steps in the process.
The advantage of confining the description of equipment and materials to a single section near the beginning is that such discussion does not then interrupt the steps in the action itself. This method is usually practical if the equipment and materials are not numerous.
If they happen to be so numerous or so complex that the reader might have difficulty in remembering them, the other method of taking them up as they appear in the process is preferable. The second method is by far the more common.
A process description is organized as follows: What is this process?
Why is this process performed? What are chief steps in this process? From what point of view is this process going to be considered in this discussion? Why is this process being described? It is not always necessary to answer all six questions, and it is not necessary to answer them in the order in which they happen to be listed.
It will be helpful to consider each question in turn to get some notion of what is needed to be done. Early in the report readers must be told enough about what the process is, so that, they can grasp the general idea.
The way in which this explanation is given depends upon how much the readers are presumed to know about the process, as well as upon the nature of the process itself. Who performs this process? Very often the statement about who performs the process will appear as a natural or necessary element in some other part of the introduction.
Often no statement is required. It is absolutely necessary that the reader know why the process is performed — what its purpose is. Sometimes simply explaining what the process is, or defining it, makes the purpose clear. Sometimes, however, the purpose of a process may not be clear from a statement of what it is or how it is performed.
Then it is necessary to be quite explicit in stating its complete purpose.
What are the chief steps in this process? The listing of the chief steps in the process is an important part of the introduction.
It is important because it helps the reader understand the process before the details of its execution are presented. Even more important is its function in telling the reader what to expect in the material that follows. It is a transitional device.
It prepares the reader for what lies ahead. The list of steps may appear as a formal list, with a number or letter standing beside each step.Mar 21, · Description of a Process» Description of Mechanism.
A mechanism is generally defined as any object or system that has a working part or parts. Most often the term suggests tools, instruments, and machines. But other examples of mechanisms could be the human body and systems like the universe or a city, which is composed . Logan Together is a 10 year community movement that is changing the lives of kids and families in Logan for the better.
Mar 21, · Description of Mechanism A mechanism is generally defined as any object or system that has a working part or parts.
Most often the term suggests tools, instruments, and machines. Effective Mechanism Description You need to create a clear image, a mental picture of what needs to be visualized or what needs to occur. Go through process/description yourself first, along with someone who needs to learn the procedure or about the mechanism.
Effective Mechanism Description You need to create a clear image, a mental picture of what needs to be visualized or what needs to occur.
Go through process/description yourself first, along with someone who needs to learn the procedure or about the mechanism. Other Patterns for Mechanism Descriptions. Two other patterns fire useful for describing mechanisms: the function method and the generalized method.
The Function Method One common way to describe a machine is to name its main parts and then give only a brief discussion of the function of each part.