The effectiveness of civil rights movements

During the s, various groups and individuals participated in the anti-racist civil rights movement. Racial discrimination had permeated American society, especially in the South. Protesters used a variety of tactics, from nonviolent passive resistance to political lobbying, to force societal change. This movement helped create a more inclusive America, where people of all races, ethnicities and genders can strive for equality.

The effectiveness of civil rights movements

Students at Moton High School protested the overcrowded conditions and failing facility. The NAACP proceeded with five cases challenging the school systems; these were later combined under what is known today as Brown v.

Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, that mandating, or even permitting, public schools to be segregated by race was unconstitutional.

The Court stated that the segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group.

Their method of addressing the issue of school segregation was to enumerate several arguments. One pertained to having exposure to interracial contact in a school environment. It was argued that interracial contact would, in turn, help prepare children to live with the pressures that society exerts in regards to race and thereby afford them a better chance of living in a democracy.

The Court ruled that both Plessy v. Fergusonwhich had established the "separate but equal" standard in general, and Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Educationwhich had applied that standard to schools, were unconstitutional.

The effectiveness of civil rights movements

Secretary of State Dean Acheson was quoted in the brief stating that "The United States is under constant attack in the foreign press, over the foreign radio, and in such international bodies as the United Nations because of various practices of discrimination in this country.

Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas did not overturn Plessy v. Ferguson was segregation in transportation modes. Board of Education dealt with segregation in education. School integration, Barnard School, Washington, D. Board of Education ruling.

David Jones to the school board inconvinced numerous white and black citizens that Greensboro was heading in a progressive direction.

Integration in Greensboro occurred rather peacefully compared to the process in Southern states such as Alabama, Arkansasand Virginia where " massive resistance " was practiced by top officials and throughout the states.

In Virginia, some counties closed their public schools rather than integrate, and many white Christian private schools were founded to accommodate students who used to go to public schools. Even in Greensboro, much local resistance to desegregation continued, and inthe federal government found the city was not in compliance with the Civil Rights Act.

Transition to a fully integrated school system did not begin until Existing schools tended to be dilapidated and staffed with inexperienced teachers. Mallory and thousands of other parents bolstered the pressure of the lawsuit with a school boycott in During the boycott, some of the first freedom schools of the period were established.

The city responded to the campaign by permitting more open transfers to high-quality, historically-white schools.The civil rights movement has proven the effectiveness of nonviolent methods, although there are limits to its effectiveness as evidenced by other movements. Violent rebellion, on the other hand, is rarely justified in a civilized society.

Civil rights activist Purcell Conway (b. ) discusses testing the Civil Rights Act immediately after it was passed at the beaches in St. Augustine, Florida, in an interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier (b. ) for the Civil Rights History Project in The civil rights movement has proven the effectiveness of nonviolent methods, although there are limits to its effectiveness as evidenced by other movements.

Violent rebellion, on the other hand, is rarely justified in a civilized society. Was the Civil Rights Movement a success?

• US Explain how the post-war social movements caused change by analyzing the methods used by the leaders, the effectiveness of the legislation, and the impact of key events Have students select some of the civil rights leaders and/or events from the timeline to use as starting points.

Philosophies and Strategies of the Non-Violence and Black Power Movements. Home; American History; American Civil Rights Movement; by James Graham. Black power in many ways signified everything non-violence was not, racial hatred, violence and extreme self-reliance.

However the two approaches did have many similarities in their long-term. American civil rights movement: American civil rights movement, midth-century mass protest movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the United States. Television coverage of law enforcement officers beating peaceful protestors was effective in raising public awareness and in achieving legislative momentum.

The Effectiveness of Nonviolent Methods in the Fight for Liberty