Thesis focus group methodology

It may be noted that a lot of tools were used in order to come up with a comprehensive result. Aside from questionnaires and on the spot interviews with various sectors, but for the meantime, we get our sources like fishballs, kikiam at Elizabeth Supermarket. We tend to produce own products by the time the business expands and earns some profit. Sources of Data A lot of research works were made in order to come up with a comprehensive data that will justify the viability of our study.

Thesis focus group methodology

The strategy consists of two key metrics and a 3-step qualitative analysis. Walter Schloss kept the philosophy close to his heart and has applied it throughout his investment career.

Earnings can change dramatically in a short time. Usually assets change slowly. One has to know much more about a company if one buys earnings. An investor will not be paying a single cent for future earnings. The way he frames the perspective is brilliant! In other words, pay a fraction for the good assets that the company owns, instead of paying a premium for future earnings.

We gather a very important principle from these brilliant people — Pay a very low price for very high value of assets. Going one step further, we do not just take the book value of a company. This is because not all assets are of the same quality.

For example, cash is of higher quality than inventories. The latter can expire after a period of time. Hence, we only take into account the full value of cash and properties, and half the value for equipment, receivables, investments, inventories and intangibles.

And only income generating intangibles such as operating rights and customer relationships are considered. Goodwill and other non-income generating intangibles are excluded. This additional conservativeness adds to our margin of safety.

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It is easy to find many stocks trading at low multiples of their book value. Many of them are cheap due to their poor fundamentals. Hence, we need to further filter this pool of cheap stocks to enhance our probability of success. The latest arrivals get the most attention and are sold at a premium think hot stocks or familiar blue chips.

In a corner there is a pile of clothes which remained unsold from the previous season and they are now trading at big discounts cold and illiquid stocks. Not all the clothes in this bargain pile are worth our time.

They must be relatively less attractive since no one buys them in the first place. However, you can find nice ones value stocks sometimes if you are willing to dive in and search in the pile. Although conceptually shopping for clothes and picking stocks are similar, the latter is actually more complex to understand and execute properly.

A proxy 3-point system known as POF score would be used instead. POF is detailed in the following paragraphs. Profitability While our focus is on asset-based valuation, we do not totally disregard earnings as well.

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The company should be making profits with its assets, indicated by a low Price-To-Earnings Multiple. Since we do not pay a single cent for earnings, the earnings need not be outstanding.

Companies making huge losses would definitely not qualify for this criteria Operating Efficiency We have to look at the cashflow to ensure the profits declared are received in cash.

A positive operating cashflow will ensure that the company is not bleeding cash while running its business. The operating cashflow also give us a better indication if the products and services are still in demand by the society. If not, the business should not continue to exist. The company may even need to borrow money if their cash is insufficient and this raises further concerns for the investors.

Financial Position Lastly, we will look at the gearing of the company. We do not want the company to have to repay a mountain of debts going forward. Should interest rate rises, the company may have to dip into their operating cashflow or even deplete their assets.

Equity holders carry the cost of debt at the end of the day and hence the lower the debt, the stronger it is. How to avoid value traps? We use a time stop of 3 years to get out of a position.

Thesis focus group methodology

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